Monday, January 4, 2010

STRATEGIES FOR EFFECTIVE EVALUATION OF STUDENT PRACTICAL SKILL IN TECHNICAL EDUCATION SUBJECTS THROUGH PROCESS/PRODUCT TECHNIQUES’ IN KADUNA STATE,

ABSTRACT
This study was conducted to identify strategies for effective evaluation of student’s practical skills in technical education subjects through process and product techniques in Kaduna State.
Process and product techniques are the two basic methods of evaluating the practical skills possessed by students in science and technology education.
The purpose of the study included to identify methods of evaluation most frequently adopted by teachers in assessing students practical skills.
In effect it sought to determine which of the two methods (process or product) are most effective in evaluating students practical skills.
Questionnaire was the instrument used in collecting data from the respondents.
The population for the study comprised all teachers teaching practical subjects in all secondary and post secondary institutions in Kaduna State.
There was no sampling employed for this particular study due to the small size of respondents from the two Local Government Areas chosen for the pilot study (i e. Jema’a and Zangon Kataf) in Kaduna State.
The data were analyzed through the use of means, percentages and analyses of variance (ANOVA). The study finding reveled that there is an urgent need for Kaduna State Ministry of Education to have in –house, seminar, workshop and conference for the up-grading of technical teachers’ practices in the evaluation of practical subjects.
The study also revealed that a combination of process and product evaluation techniques is the most effective method of evaluating students skills in practical subjects. Based on the findings, it is recommended that the assessment of practical subjects should be through a combination of process and product evaluation methods.
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